Atomski strucnjak Mihajlo Mihajlov
Mon, 5 Jan 1998 09:46:25 -0500

From: Rajko Jovanovic on 01-05-98 09:46 AM

Stao Mihajlo Mihajlov i zamislio se. Toliko se dugo i jako zamislio da su
mu se zile na glavi videle. Napregao se i dosao do svakojakih otkrica.
Rezultat, da ne kazem minuli rad, videli smo u Nasoj Borbi od 4 januara ove

Kaze Mihajlo, nisu Amerikanci bombardovali Republiku Srpsku bombama sa
atomskim zracenjem. Potom veli, taj vrli strucnjak za atomsku i druge
energije, kako nisu valjda Amerikanci ludi da ozrace sopstvene trupe, jer
im je dosta i legionarske bolesti, te kako jedna demokratska zemlja, kakva
je valjda Amerika, ne bi sebi dozvolila da izvrsi genocid nad nekim
narodom, pa makar to bili i primitivni Srbi. (Hirosima, Vijetnam, Koreja,
Panama, Irak ... se ne vode pod G za genocid nego C za collateral damages)

Zakjlucak koji donosi MM je da je naravno rec o antiamerickoj patki (sic!)
te da se ta patka moze uvaliti samo onom najneprosvecenijem delu ovog naseg
naroda dok on, koji naravno pripada onom prosvecenom i obrazovanom delu,
odbija da mu je uvale, dal' zato sto je antiamericka ili preferira drugu
pernatu zivinu, ostaje nam da pogadjamo. Neosporno je da radijacije nema i
tacka. Reko drug komesar.

U prilogu dva teksta gde najneprosveceniji deo Amerike govori o upotrebi
municije od osiromasenog uranijuma u Golfskom zalivu i Bosni, te o uticaju
zracenja na americke vojnike i lokalno stanovnistvo.

1) International Appeal to Ban Depleted Uranium By former U.S. Attorney
General Ramsey Clark
2) RADIOACTIVE BATTLEFIELDS OF THE 1990s (From Gulf Veterans web page)


1) International Appeal to Ban Depleted Uranium By former U.S. Attorney
General Ramsey Clark

Drafted by Ramsey Clark

Depleted-uranium weapons are an unacceptable threat to life, a violation of
international law and an assault on human dignity. To safeguard the future
of humanity, we call for an unconditional international ban forbidding
research, manufacture, testing, transportation, possession and use of DU
for military purposes. In addition, we call for the immediate isolation and
containment of all DU weapons and waste, the reclassification of DU as a
radioactive and hazardous substance, the cleanup of existing
DU-contaminated areas, comprehensive efforts to prevent human exposure and
medical care for those who have been exposed.

During the Gulf War, munitions and armor made with depleted uranium were
used for the first time in a military action. Iraq and northern Kuwait were
a virtual testing range for depleted-uranium weapons. Over 940,000
30-millimeter uranium tipped bullets and "more than 14,000 large caliber DU
rounds were consumed during Operation Desert Storm/Desert Shield." (U.S.
Army Environmental Policy Institute)

These weapons were used throughout Iraq with no concern for the health and
environmental consequences of their use. Between 300 and 800 tons of DU
particles and dust have been scattered over the ground and the water in
Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Iraq. As a result, hundreds of thousands of
people, both civilians and soldiers, have suffered the effects of exposure
to these radioactive weapons.
Of the 697,000 U.S. troops who served in the Gulf, over 90,000 have
reported medical problems. Symptoms include respiratory, liver and kidney
dysfunction, memory loss, headaches, fever, low blood pressure. There are
birth defects among their newborn children. DU is a leading suspect for a
portion of these ailments. The effects on the population living in Iraq are
far greater. Under pressure, the Pentagon has been forced to acknowledge
Gulf War Syndrome, but they are still stonewalling any connection to DU.

Communities near DU weapons plants, testing facilities, bases and arsenals
have also been exposed to this radioactive material which has a half-life
of 4.4 billion years. DU-weapons are deployed with U.S. troops in Bosnia.
The spreading toxicity of depleted uranium threatens life everywhere.

DU weapons are not conventional weapons. They are highly toxic, radioactive
weapons. All international law on warfare has attempted to limit violence
to combatants and to prevent the use of cruel and unfocused weapons.
International agreements and conventions have tried to protect civilians
and non-combatants from the scourge of war and to outlaw the destruction of
the environment and the food supply in order to safeguard life on earth.

Consequently, DU weapons violate international law because of their
inherent cruelty and unconfined death-dealing effect. They threaten
civilian populations now and for generations to come. These are precisely
the weapons and uses prohibited by international law for more than a
century including the Geneva Conventions and their Protocols Additional of



... In the 1940s and 1950s, hundreds of thousands of American soldiers were
knowingly exposed to the radioactive fallout of nuclear testing; in the
1960s and 1970s, thousands more suffered the effects of Agent Orange; in
the 1990s, military use of depleted uranium (DU) is contributing to another
generation of veterans whose severe illnesses, deaths and children with
birth defects were and are an avoidable tragedy. DU munitions and armored
vehicles are currently being deployed in Bosnia, in what could become yet
another international human health and environmental catastrophe, and DU
ammunition has already been used in that conflict. The recent Army report
on DU sanctions both its use and its proliferation, despite the
consequences 1.

1: DU in Bosnia: The 160 M1A1 tanks sent to Bosnia use DU ammunition. Their
presence is confirmed in the December 25, 1995, edition of Army Times. DU
has already been used in that conflict: See Associated Press report by
David Crary published in the Planesburgh, NY, Press Republican of August 6,
1994: ;Two U.S. A-10s destroyed the [Bosnian Serb] M-78 mobile 'tank
buster'...; DU can also be considered in the context of the history of the
U.S. military's use of its own troops to test such things as chemical
weapons (mustard gas, for example) and psychotropic drugs.

... Although the Army has developed safety procedures and publications for
dealing with DU, these were seldom, if ever, put into practice in the Gulf
War. The AEPI report, on page 81, concedes that the 144th Army National
Guard Service and Supply Company was allowed to proceed with battlefield
cleanup for three weeks before these materials were introduced. Pages 81-85
document the overall lack of precautions. Gulf War soldiers and field
commanders declare that they were never warned that DU is radioactive: in
fact, General Calvin Waller told NBC's ;Dateline; that neither he nor
General Norman Schwartzkopf were ever told about the health hazards of DU.
Early information suggests that troops deployed in Bosnia with DU-armored
tanks and personnel carriers and DU rounds are also unaware they are at
risk from DU exposure, and the Bosnian government has not been advised of
the risk.

...There is no safe way to use DU, and a very basic question is why
something considered to be hazardous radioactive and chemical waste in all
other circumstances is considered safe in battlefield conditions. As the
AEPI admits on page 78, ;As much as 70 percent of a DU penetrator can be
aerosolized when it strikes a tank (Fliszar et al., 1989). Aerosols
containing DU oxides may contaminate the area downwind. DU fragments may
also contaminate the soil around the struck vehicles.; DU munitions
aerosolize when used, DU tank armor can aerosolize when struck, and there
are many paths by which the resulting particles may enter the body: by
inhalation, ingestion, or through open wounds. On page 101, the AEPI also
concedes, ;If DU enters the body, it has the potential to generate
significant medical consequences. The risks associated with DU in the body
are both chemical and radiological.....S Once inside the human body,
uranium particles tend to stay, causing illnesses such as lung cancer and
kidney disease that often take decades to manifest. According to pioneering
radiation biomedical researcher Dr. J. W. Gofman, particles of uranium
smaller than 5 micron in diameter can become permanently trapped in the
lungs. Leonard A. Dietz, former Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory scientist
has estimated that a trapped, single uranium oxide particle of this size
can expose the surrounding lung tissue to approximately 1,360 rem per year.
This is 8,000 times the annual radiation dosage permitted by federal
regulations for whole body exposure to the general public. Particles not
trapped in the respiratory system may be ingested and find their way into
the kidneys and reproductive organs.